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Common Investigations

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Common Investigations

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Various tests available for cancer detection and staging are --
Pathological investigations –
Biopsy – is must before starting treatment.
• FNAC
• Imprint cytology
• Biopsy – Incisional, Excisional, Punch biopsy, Core biopsy
• IHC
• PAP smear
Radiological investigations –
• Chest Xray
• CECT Scan
• MRI
• Mammography
• PET-CT Scan
• Bone scan
• OPG
• Thyroid scan
Endoscopies –
• Upper GI endoscopy
• Colonoscopy
• Bronchoscopy
• DL scopy – Direct laryngoscopy
• FOL – Fibre optic laryngoscopy
• EBUS
• EUS
Tumour Markers –
• CA 125- Ca ovary
• CEA – Ca colon, GI malignancies
• CA 19-9 – Hepatobiliary malignancies
• PSA – Ca Prostate
• AFP
• B-HCG
• Others
A patient may require one or multiple of above mentioned investigations for diagnosis and staging and decision making for treatment.