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Throat Cancer

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Throat Cancer

Throat cancer is often grouped into two categories: pharyngeal cancer and laryngeal cancer. Pharyngeal cancer forms in the pharynx. This is the hollow tube that runs from behind your nose to the top of your windpipe. Laryngeal cancer forms in the larynx, which is your voice box.

Throat cancers may not cause any symptoms if they are very small and have not spread at the time of diagnosis. Sometimes, an area of irritation or discoloration on the lining issues of the throat is the only sign of an abnormality. Depending upon the extent of spread of the cancer, other symptoms can include:

  • swelling of nearby tissues,
  • enlarged lymph nodes,
  • trouble breathing,
  • difficulty speaking,
  • neck or throat pain,
  • ear pain,
  • painful swallowing, and
  • headache.

Types of throat cancer

  • Squamous cell carcinoma: Throat cancer of the flat cells lining the throat. It’s the most common throat cancer in the United States.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Throat cancer of the glandular cells. This type of laryngeal cancer is rare.